September 11 shook us all

September 11 shook us all. Either through raw footage of planes crashing into the towers, to still images of workers leaping to their deaths, the coverage reached every corner of the world, causing different reactions in each person they touched through differing mediums. This paper will touch on the different ways that news agencies around the world covered the Attacks of September 11, as well as the changes to the news coverage after September 11. Read more

Reflections on 9/11

In exploration of news media coverage of the 9/11 attack, much is to be discussed in the way journalists relayed the event to the public. In the book “How Did the World’s News Media React to 9/11?” the author Tomasz Pludowski discussed how immediately after the September 11 attacks, most of the world’s news media criticized the terrorists. The world’s news media in turn offered sympathy and support to the United States but shortly thereafter, were putting some of the blame for the attacks on the United States. Read more

Context Matters: A Look at 9/11 Coverage in the U.S. and Abroad

American news reporters on the morning of September 11th, 2001 found themselves in a context that most, if not all of them had never experienced before. Some unknown, evil force was attacking their nation, targeting iconic symbols of America’s towering capitalistic power, along with all of the innocent civilians inside. In that environment of extreme stress, grief, and even anger, it becomes clear that external factors can greatly influence the media’s ability to present an objective report of the news. Examining the coverage of 9/11 and the U.S. retaliation in Afghanistan in October 2001 further shows that the relevant context does not only include human emotions. Factors such as geography, ideology, history, and public expectation must also be considered. Read more

9/11 Coverage: Filling the News Hole and the Idea of “Media Flow”

With the attacks of September 11th, news media around the world was given a unique platform from which to inform the public about the dramatic events unfolding in the heart of New York City, the fields of Pennsylvania and the Pentagon. The normal daily news cycle was interrupted, giving television audiences 24-hour, wall-to-wall coverage in which normal programming and advertising restraints were lifted. (McDonald, 2004) With this increasingly large ‘news hole’, Americans and people around the world saw images of disaster, eyewitness testimonies, and government officials along with countless other stories intended to fill the information void. Given the unusually large amount of time alloted for media coverage immediately following 9/11, the American media response became increasingly focused on giving reports that limited the scope to just the disaster, leaving out a larger context in which the events could be viewed through. American media also tended to promote a government-supported framing of the events, which in turn was either challenged or reflected in countries around the world.

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9/11 News Coverage in America and China

The September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center are often credited for ending the American public’s sense of security and beginning an era of apparent vulnerability. Before 2001, America had a very limited history with domestic terrorism. Stories of terrorist activities rarely made headline news. The general public was never worried that they might be subjected to a biological attack or find anthrax in their mailbox. September 11th changed that perception. More precisely, the way the American news media handled the event and adjusted their coverage of terrorism changed that perception. After examining news coverage of 9/11 from American, European and Chinese sources, the most striking difference in American coverage when compared to foreign coverage is that the framing and language used by American news media seemingly indicated that all Americans were in danger and that the country had just entered a state of war. Read more

Framing and the September 11th Attacks

Framing and the September 11th Attacks

On September 11th, 2001, American suffered an attack on a unprecedented scale.   Hijackers flew planes into two World Trade Center buildings, and into the Pentagon. Another plane crashed due to struggles over control while in the air.  By the end, almost 3000 people had lost their lives in the incident1.   The news spread quickly – less than two minutes after the first plane impacts, the attack was reported on television2, and by the next day, news media throughout the world had coverage of the event. Read more

The Irish Times and Domestic Coverage of September 11: A Comparative Analysis

In the wake of the events of September 11, news organizations worldwide immediately began covering one of the most devastating terrorist attacks in the past decade. Coverage of the attacks was far-reaching and diverse. Domestic news organizations framed the events in such a way that articulated the necessary unification of a nation amidst a crisis. “When citizens are threatened by actual terrorists or the fear of future attacks, calls to consolidate around a national identity are quite common” (Barnett and Reynolds 117). Although domestic media outlets were quick to extend support and offer solace to American viewers, Read more




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Terrorism and the Press

This blog is an integral part of a special section of Honors 394 Spring 2010, Arizona State University. Rather than a routine history course this dynamic, interactive seminar explores the interplay between terrorism and television, and other media sources on-line and in print. 26 students and their global pen pals comprise the bloggers. We welcome all to share their opinions, pertinent observations, insights, comments, feedback. Please post in a responsible manner.